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BIOCHEMISTRY ONLINE
Beta-Oxidation of Fatty Acids (odd chain)
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CHAPTER 1: LIPIDS
CHAPTER 2: PROTEINS
CHAPTER 3: CARBOHYDRATES
CHAPTER 4 - NUCLEIC ACIDS
CHAPTER 5: BINDING
CHAPTER 6 - TRANSPORT AND KINETICS
CHAPTER 7 - CATALYSIS
CHAPTER 8: OXIDATIVE-PHOSPHORYLATION
CHAPTER 9 - SIGNAL TRANSDUCTION
Chapter 10: METABOLIC PATWAYS
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It should be noted, that all odd chain fatty acids can be oxidized using the same enzymes for even chain fatty acid beta-oxidation. However, unlike even chain fatty acids, odd chain fatty acids will yield ((n-3)/2) Acetyl-CoA and one three carbon acid, Propionyl-CoA, where n is the number of carbons in the odd chain fatty acid. Propionyl-CoA, is then further broken down using the pathway shown below.

Propionyl-CoA
Propionyl-CoA (3:0)
D-Methylmalonyl-CoA
(S)-D-Methylmalonyl-CoA
L-Methylmalonyl-CoA
(R)-L-Methylmalonyl-CoA
Succinyl-CoA
Succinyl-CoA

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